India is the seventh largest country on the planet, and boasts the second largest population just behind China.  India sits on its own tectonic plate aptly known as the Indian Plate, and has been steadily colliding with the Eurasian Plate for the last 55 million years.  This convergent boundary is responsible for the creation of the Himalayan Mountain Range, which encompasses the tallest peak on continental soil–Mount Everest (although this peak is actually situated in Nepal, one of India’s neighboring countries).  The same plate tectonics mechanism also created the physiographic features of the Tibetan Plateau, which is the largest plateau on Earth…Evidence of geologic uplift, and frequently called “the roof of the world”.  These two features are responsible for much of the climate of India as well.



In the Highlands region of the country, thick forests gain their leafy appeal by being fed from a number of rivers that sweep down from the Himalayas and neighboring mountain chains.  The area is rich in wildlife, metal ores, and coal deposits as well.  The Great Plains are also dominated by the life of river systems, most notably the vital Ganges River.  The Ganges River is the heart of India from a cultural and religious aspect.


The Thar Desert is the seventh largest desert system on the planet and actually covers 71% of Rajasthan, India’s largest state.  This state is known as the “Land of Kings” and it’s capital city, Jaipur, is famous for its pink architecture.


India’s peninsular shape means that it possess a large coastal area, which borders along the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, Lakshadweep Sea, and the Bay of Bengal.  Just off the coast are hundreds of islands teeming with life.  This region is known for a wet monsoon season too.


From the seas, to the deserts, to the plains and highlands, to the noble mountains, India truly has a magical physiographical topography.  Housed within the land is a fascinating geologic past, rich mineral deposits, abundant wildlife, and hoards of people jockeying for a spot of the glory.